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Types of Batik making batik
There are three main types of batik produced today.

1) Tjanting or tulis (Hand-painted fine lines and dots)

The wax is heated until it liquefies, and is then applied quickly by brush, or by a wax-trailer or tjanting, to give it its traditional name. Originating from Indonesia, the tjanting is a small copper vessel with a tiny spout through which the hot wax is dripped. It is impossible to make patterns by 'drawing' with the wax, although controlling the movement is pretty difficult; it is probably the best to be flexible about the design as the outcomes are sometimes unexpected!

TIP: Wax must be reheated often as it is being applied to the fabric, as it needs to be liquid to be pourable.

2) Cap / tjap (Block-painted)

Cap is used by copper block or wooden stamp patterned design bottom. The block is dipped into wax and stamp onto the fabric to make patterned, which is then dip-dyed. The wax will be removed once it dries with single color produced. To create multi-colors and more complex block-printed batik, waxing with different blocks and de-waxing will be done many times.

2) Digital Batik (Commercially Printed)


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The equipment you need to begin batik is fairly simple, and most of it can be found around the house.

  1. Some old white sheets. Old, torn white cotton sheets have the advantage of being already free from chemical finishes (which would otherwise prevent the dye from penetrating).
    Note: all new fabrics must be boiled to remove the finishing such as starch
  2. Candles (Paraffin Wax) and some beeswax.
  3. Wax pot and a stove or hotplate for melting wax.
  4. Good quality artist's paintbrush for painting and Chinese Brush for waxing.
  5. Cold water dye and fixative.
  6. Pencils, for making preliminary sketch.
  7. Djanting (Wax Applicator Tool)
  8. Old picture frame. (Batik is normally worked on a special frame on which the cloth is tacked to keep it taut, but for beginners an old picture frame will serve just as well.

Hot wax is extremely dangerous, so care must be taken at all times when using this process. Adult supervision is advised.

TIP: If you find it difficult to remove wax with water, iron the fabric with plenty of brown parcel paper or blotting paper between the fabric and the iron.




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