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What is Screen Printing

azleeScreen printing allows for easy and fast printing of an image, to create a repeated design or a number of separate prints. Once an image is made into a screen, it can be printed on a variety of surfaces such as cloth, paper, leather, wood and even glass. By using different printing techniques, the same image can appear on a surface in different colours or with a different look. And by using a different screen for each colour of a design, multiple-colour designs can also be produced.

Images produced by the process of screen-printing surround us everywhere we go, from the garments we wear to the pillows we put on our couches; from the bags we carry our belongings in to the mugs from which we drink coffee.

What is a Silk Screen?

azleeA silk screen is a piece of mesh fabric held taut in a frame. Some of the holes in the fabric's mesh are "clogged up" to prevent ink from passing through. When the silk screen is placed against a "work piece" and ink is "squeegied" across the screen surface, ink is deposited on the work piece whereever the screen wasn't "clogged". The secret to silk screening is clogging up the mesh in the "right places" and squeezing the right amount of ink through the rest.

Screen Process Printing - Silk screen printers.

There are both commercial and artistic screen printing. Silk screen printing process can print on a wide variety of materials and products that other processes couldn't cope with; amongst these, plastics, glass, metals, wood, textiles and of course paper and board. Silk screen can also print on 3D objects such as control panels, components and promotional goods. All the printing is done by hand and our presses will handle anything as small as a button to a 60 x 40 inch section of a billboard.

Various applications for screen printing include: Posters, stickers, showcards, ticketing, shelf strips, banners, exhibition panels, perspex plaques, ring binders, mousemats, site boards, signs, T Shirts, control panels and badges for computers to name but a few.

 
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Adult Class Schedule

Wednesday 4pm - 6pm
Wednesday 7pm - 9pm
Saturday 10am - 12pm

*Please note that the above class schedule may be changed without any prior notice

How to Enroll

Apply for classes in person, by person or email. students are only accepted through advance booking and payment.

If you are unable to attend a class that you have book, please inform us at least 24 hours in advance and we will be abole to replace your class on a later date

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A Brief History

The technique was first used by the Chinese 2000 years ago – human hair was stretched across a wooden frame to form the screen. To which was attached a stencil of leaves. In this way possibly the first screenprinted image was produced.

The Japanese adapted the process, using woven silk for the mesh and lacquers to make stencils. Europe has to wait until the 1700s, when silk for the mesh became more easily available through trading. And a profitable outlet for the medium was gradually developed.

It was first patented in England in 1907 by Samuel Simon of Manchester at the turn of the century. He used silk stretched on frames to support hand painted stencils, a process also used by William Morris. It was used to print wallpaper linen and silk fabrics. In 1914 John Pilsworth of San Francisco also took out a patent for multicolour printing, using the screen process.

During the 20th century, screenprinting became fully mechanised and widely used on fabric and wallpaper. Becoming a cheper alternative to printing with wooden blocks. Experiments with photo-reactive chemicals also revolutionised the industry, making photo-imaged stencils available for commercial screenprinting.

During the First World War in America screen printing took off as an industrial printing process; it was mainly used at first for flags and banners but also for 'point of sale' advertising in the chain stores in America, which were appearing around that time.

Around this time the invention of the photographic stencil revolutionised the process; in the following years, obviously improvements were made in the presses, inks and chemicals used, but apart from the introduction of computer technology in the 1980's - in the pre-press side of screenprinting - very little else has changed since.

azleeWalk down any High street and you will see examples of SCREEN PRINTING everywhere: in shops you will see displays and posters advertising their products; you will see buses with ads on their sides; on computers and hi-fi you will notice badges and control panels; all these have been screen printed. In the home you will find that many textiles and items of clothing, sports bags and T shirts have been screenprinted, as well as the stickers that you have on the rear window of your car.

Artists have also used SILK SCREEN PRINTING, especially since the days of POP ART in the sixties - Andy Warhol, Rauschenberg and Hamilton are a few notorius examples. These artists opened up a whole new vista in the use of the screen process.

 

Payment

ADULT $220 for 4 sessions. Each session last 2 hours. 3 sessions of 2.5/3 hours may be arranged. MORE>>

Basic materials for use during course will be provided. Additional materials may be bought at special rates from our artshop. All fees include materials used throughout the course. Unless stated only the completed work are allowed to be brought back.

PRIVATE SESSIONS can be arranged to suit your schedule. Please contact our staff for more details.

 

 

How does screen printing work?

silkscreen inkThe equivalent of the printing plate for the screen printer is the SCREEN - a wooden or aluminium frame with a fine nylon MESH stretched over it. The MESH is coated with a light sensitive emulsion or film, which - when dry - will block the holes in the mesh. The image that needs to be printed is output to film either by camera or image-setter. This film positive and the mesh on the screen are sandwiched together and exposed to ultra-violet light in a device called a print-down frame.

The screen is then washed with a jet of water which washes away all the light sensitive emulsion that has not been hardened by the ultra-violet light. This leaves you with an open stencil which corresponds exactly to the image that was supplied on the film.

silkscreen inkNext the screen is fitted on the press and is hinged so it can be raised and lowered. The substrate to be printed is placed in position under the screen and ink is placed on the top side of the screen, (the frame acts also as wall to contain the ink ). A rubber blade gripped in a wooden or metal handle called a SQUEEGEE (not unlike a giant wind-screen wiper) is pulled across the top of the screen; it pushes the ink through the mesh onto the surface of the substrate you are printing. To repeat the process the squeegee floods the screen again with a return stroke before printing the next impression.

 

MORE ABOUT SCREEN PRINTING >>

  • What Do I Need? How Much Will it Cost?

  • How do You Make Silk Screen

  • How to Set up a Small Screen Printing Studio

  • Silk Screen Printing for Fun - What Can I Do With It?

If you would like more information or quotes about our classes or products, please contact us (Mohamad HP 98686008) or email us at

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